Question: Only Need Answers From Questions 5 To 11. 5. Which Mini Concept Map Best Describes Thermoregulation? A. Body Temperature Decreases → Hypothalamus Sends A Signal→ Vasoconstriction Of Superficial Arteries → Blood Stays “warm” In The Center Of The Body (core). B. Body Temperature Rises → Hypothalamus Sends A Signal → Vasoconstriction Of Superficial…
Only need answers from Questions 5 to 11.
5. Which mini concept map best describesthermoregulation?
a. Body temperature decreases → hypothalamus sends a signal→vasoconstriction of superficial arteries → blood stays “warm” inthe center of the body (core).
b. Body temperature rises → hypothalamus sends a signal →vasoconstriction of superficial arteries → blood stays “cool” inthe center of the body (core).
c. Body temperature rises → brain stem sends a signal → skin producessweat → heat loss through evaporation.
d. Body temperature rises →the brain over heats → no compensatorymechanisms exist→ a heat stroke occurs.
6. A nurse explaining to a new mother the patho of her baby’steratogenic defect shows complete understanding of the situationwhen he says,
a. “Certain chromosomes in your baby may have been injured before youwere able to stop using cocaine in your 6th month ofpregnancy.”
b. “Your baby inherited a gene from you or his father that caused adefect in important protein-based structures.”
c. “Your baby inherited a gene that caused a defect called trisomy21.”
d. “Since your little guy was born with the Philadelphia chromosome,he will be a life-long
7. A patient is diagnosed with sickle cell disease (SSD). Whichgenetic scenario would result in the inheritance of thisdisease?
b. a heterozygous pairing
d. Different alleles on a gene locus
8. A patient is hospitalized after experiencing renal failure. Becauseof her kidneys’ inability to excrete water, she has generalizededema & a serum sodium of 129. The edema is most likely due tofluid shifting from the intravascular space into interstitialspaces secondary to all the following EXCEPT:
Normal Na: 135 to 145
a. hypertonicity of the plasma space.
b. hypotonicity of the plasma space.
c. hypoosmolality of the blood.
d. diminished osmotic pressure of the blood.
9. A patient, diagnosed with cancer, has a poor appetite and has lost80 pounds. Upon assessment (examination), the nurse notesgeneralized edema and a low serum protein level. Which mini-conceptmap accurately relates the relationship of the patient’s serumprotein level with the presence of edema?
a. hypoproteinemia→ concentration in blood is now lower than thenormal concentration of fluids inside cells→ fluid goesfrom B to T.
b. hypoproteinemia→ concentration in blood is now higher than thenormal concentration of fluids inside cells→ fluid goesfrom B to T.
c. hypoproteinemia→ blood is now hyperosmolar compared to the cells →fluid goes from
T to B.
d. hyperproteinemia→blood now has lower oncotic pressure than normal→fluid goes from
T to B.
10. Achild is brought to her healthcare provider. Her parents state thatno matter how much she eats, she keeps losing weight. She appearsquite thin. Her blood sugar is markedly elevated. She isdiagnosed with type I diabetes mellitus (DM 1). Which explanationbests links the pathophysiology with the S&S? In DM 1 thepancreas _____
a. quits producing glucagon so that glycogen stores are inaccessible,thus causing weight loss.
b. increases insulin production so that glucose stays in the blood,causing hyperglycemia.
c. quits producing insulin so that glycogenolysis is stimulated andtoo much glucose enters the blood.
d. quits producing insulin so that glucose cannot be used as energy inthe cells, thus causing the body to burn up fat and protein forenergy.
11. Achild is brought to her healthcare provider. Her parents state thatno matter how much she eats, she keeps losingweight. She appears quite thin. Her blood sugar is markedlyelevated. She is diagnosed with type I diabetes mellitus (DM 1). If ABGs weredone on this patient, you would expect all the following EXCEPT:
a. a blood pH of 7.32 because sustained gluconeogenesis causes acidicbyproducts to accumulate.
b. a HCO3 of 20 because the high numbers of acids in her body “takeover” and “overcome” the HCO3, which then diminishes innumber.
c. a HCO3 of 30 because the low numbers of acids in her body stimulatean increase in
d. this acid/base imbalance to be called metabolic acidosis because itis an acidotic state caused by a metabolic disorder.